Grid-Interactive Efficient Buildings CharacteristicsIn states across the nation, the electricity system is changing, presenting challenges and opportunities for the delivery of reliable, clean, and affordable power to America’s homes, businesses, and institutions. As variable renewable generation and distributed energy resources (DERs)—including energy efficiency, demand response, onsite generation, energy storage, and electric vehicles—grow, the management of electricity is becoming more complex.

Fortunately, advancing technologies open the prospect for more flexible management of building and facility energy loads to benefit occupants, owners, and the grid. The purpose of advancing Grid-interactive Efficient Buildings (GEBs) is to optimize energy management by utilizing sensors, analytics, and smart controls to best serve the needs of occupants while considering the grid and external conditions (such as peak loads and weather). Greater optimization of the significant energy demand and supply functions that buildings offer – on an automated basis – has far reaching electricity policy and regulatory implications for State Energy Offices, Public Utility Commissions, utilities, and building owners and investors. Flexible load management can:

  • Lower costs, enhance resilience, and reduce emissions
  • Reduce peak loads, moderate the ramping of demand, and provide grid services
  • Enhance energy efficiency and integrate distributed and renewable energy resources.

The fundamental question that arise from this opportunity are:

  • How can we optimize facility interactions with the grid?
  • How can states fashion policies, programs, and regulations to advance such optimization through GEBs?
  • What are the roles for states, facility owners and operators, utilities, product and service providers, and others?

To help states approach these questions, the National Association of State Energy Officials (NASEO) and the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) established the NASEO-NARUC Grid-interactive Efficient Building Working Group, with the support of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Building Technologies Office and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL).

Through the GEB Working Group, State Energy Officials and state utility regulators can explore GEB technologies and applications; identify opportunities and impediments (technical and non-technical); identify and express state priorities and interests; inform policy, planning, programs and regulation; consider unregulated electric sector investments and implications; and advance GEB road map and pilot options.

GEB Working Group activities include state interviews, webinars, and exchanges. Private sector and non-governmental organizations are also being engaged. State-oriented resources are under development to help states explore GEB in their own contexts. These include briefing papers and the scoping of potential pilots and of a road mapping kit. The 2019 NASEO Annual Meeting will include a GEB Working Group Workshop. NASEO is also exploring with the U.S. DOE opportunities for National Laboratory technical assistance for the states.


Working Group Members – 16 States

Sixteen states through their State Energy Offices, Public Utility Commissions, and/or Consumer Counsels are currently members of the Working Group.

The GEB Working Group state co-chairs are:

  • Kaci Radcliffe, Energy Analyst, Oregon Department of Energy (NASEO member)
  • Hanna Terwilliger, Economic Analyst, Minnesota Public Utility Commission (NARUC member)

Working Group States:

  • Colorado
  • Connecticut
  • Florida
  • Hawaii
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Nebraska
  • New Jersey
  • New York
  • Oregon
  • South Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Virginia
  • Washington
  • Wisconsin

NASEO contacts: Rodney Sobin and Maddie Koewler

NARUC contacts: Danielle Sass Byrnett and Charles Harper

NEWS: U.S. DOE Notice of Intent for a Funding Opportunity to Improve Energy Efficiency and Demand Flexibility of Buildings 

GEB Working Group Upcoming Calendar

Resources and More Information

To access GEB resources, including past webinars, please visit the NASEO GEB Resources page.

NASEO-NARUC GEB State Interviews