Grid-Interactive Efficient Buildings CharacteristicsIn states across the nation, the electricity system is changing, presenting challenges and opportunities for the delivery of reliable, clean, and affordable power to America’s homes, businesses, and institutions. As variable renewable generation and distributed energy resources (DERs)—including energy efficiency, demand response, onsite generation, energy storage, and electric vehicles—grow, the management of electricity is becoming more complex.

Fortunately, advancing technologies open the prospect for more flexible management of building and facility energy loads to benefit occupants, owners, and the grid. The purpose of advancing Grid-interactive Efficient Buildings (GEBs) and, more broadly, demand flexibility (DF) is to optimize energy management by utilizing sensors, analytics, and smart controls to best serve the needs of occupants while considering the grid and external conditions (such as peak loads and weather). Greater optimization of the significant energy demand and supply functions that buildings offer – on an automated basis – has far reaching electricity policy and regulatory implications for State Energy Offices, Public Utility Commissions, utilities, building owners and occupants, technology and service providers, and and investors. Flexible load management can:

  • Lower costs, enhance resilience, and reduce emissions
  • Reduce peak loads, moderate the ramping of demand, and provide grid services
  • Enhance energy efficiency and integrate distributed and renewable energy resources.

The fundamental question that arise from this opportunity are:

  • How can we optimize facility interactions with the grid?
  • How can states fashion policies, programs, and regulations to advance such optimization through GEBs?
  • What are the roles for states, facility owners and operators, utilities, product and service providers, and others?

To help states approach these questions, the National Association of State Energy Officials (NASEO) and the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) established the NASEO-NARUC Grid-interactive Efficient Building Working Group, with the support of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Building Technologies Office.

Through the GEB Working Group, State Energy Officials and state utility regulators can explore GEB/DF technologies and applications; identify opportunities and impediments (technical and non-technical); identify and express state priorities and interests; inform policy, planning, programs and regulation; consider unregulated electric sector investments and implications; and advance GEB/DF road map and pilot options.

GEB Working Group activities include state interviews, webinars, and exchanges. Private sector and non-governmental organizations are also being engaged. A state GEB briefing paper and other resources have been and are being developed developed. The resources page also includes links to other NASEO, NARUC, and external papers, presentations, webinars, and other items. NASEO and NARUC are partnered with DOE and the National Laboratories to provide demand flexibility/GEB-related technical assistance (TA) to Working Group states. TA focus areas have included state and public buildings, pilot projects, state and regional GEB/DF potential, and valuation of GEB/DF grid services. Please contact with questions.

National GEB Roadmap: U.S. DOE, A National Roadmap for Grid-interactive Efficient Buildings (May 2021)

U.S. DOE, Connected Communities (overview presentation)

NASEO, "Demand Flexibility and Grid-interactive Efficient Buildings 101" (September 2022) and "Grid-interactive Efficient Buildings: State Briefing Paper" (October 2019)


Webinars are open to all. Working Group forums are limited to states and territories. Please contact with questions.

  • NASEO-NARUC Grid-interactive Efficient Buildings (GEB) and NASEO Industrial Working Groups Joint Forum: Industrial Demand Flexibility-June 11, 2024, 3:00-4:30 pm ET: This Forum will focus on industrial/manufacturing demand flexibility and load management to enhance competitiveness, decarbonization, and energy performance while supporting the electric grid. California Energy Commission representatives will cover their relevant industrial and related commercial load management initiatives including the Industrial Decarbonization and Improvement of Grid Operations (INDIGO) program. The director of the Intermountain Industrial Assessment Center (IAC) at the University of Utah will discuss industrial demand flexibility and intelligent process management, including related technical assistance. Time will be available for state updates and discussion. This forum is open only to states and related technical and business assistance and economic development programs and agencies. Please contact or with questions.
  • Overview of Resources and Assistance for State Energy Offices and Regulators Program, May 3, 2024, 2:00 p.m. – 3:00 p.m. ET: The Resources and Assistance for State Energy Offices and Regulators Program is funded by the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy as well as the Office of Electricity. The goal of the program is to provide high-impact technical assistance and resources at scales and intervals that are responsive to State Energy Office and Public Utility Commission needs through multi-modal support options. It is designed to be responsive to a rapidly changing regulatory and policy landscape that seeks to match the timing and depth of questions with National Laboratory subject matter experts (SME) on key topical areas. This program augments and complements current technical assistance activities undertaken by various DOE program offices. This webinar, jointly hosted by the U.S. Department of Energy, Berkeley Lab, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, NASEO, and the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners, will provide an overview of the Resources and Assistance for State Energy Offices and Regulators Program as well as the details associated with the application process for the program's Deep Dive technical assistance opportunity. Please register here for the webinar and click here for more information on the Resources and Assistance for State Energy Offices and Regulators Program.
  • NASEO-NARUC Microgrids State Working Group Webinar: Improving Energy Resilience with Rural and Remote Microgrids, May 7, 2024, 2:00 - 3:00 PM ET: Please join the NASEO-NARUC Microgrids State Working Group and NASEO Rural Working Group for a webinar on microgrids in rural and remote areas. Microgrids are an important avenue for improving resilience, reliability, and decarbonization in rural and remote communities and states are key leaders in facilitating RD&D of those projects. This webinar will feature speakers providing overviews of state initiatives, coordination with rural electric cooperatives and rural and remote communities, and specific projects under development. Time will be reserved for a discussion with State Energy Offices and Public Utility Commissions, followed by Q&A. Please register here and email Kelsey Jones ( with any questions.


  • Working Group Members – 28 States


    Twenty seven states through their State Energy Offices and/or Public Utility Commissions are members of the Working Group.

    The GEB Working Group state co-chairs are:

    • Liz Reichart, Senior Energy Policy Specialist, Washington State Department of Commerce (NASEO member)
    • Ashley Norman, Utility Analyst, Hawaii Public Utilities Commission (NARUC member)

    Working Group States:

    • Arkansas
    • Arizona
    • California
    • Colorado
    • Connecticut
    • Florida
    • Georgia
    • Hawaii
    • Idaho
    • Illinois
    • Maryland
    • Massachusetts
    • Michigan
    • Minnesota
    • Mississippi
    • Nebraska
    • New Jersey
    • New York
    • Oregon
    • Pennsylvania
    • South Carolina
    • Tennessee
    • Utah
    • Vermont
    • Virginia
    • Washington
    • Wisconsin
    • Wyoming


    NASEO contacts: Rodney Sobin, Ed Carley, Jasmine Xie,  or

    NARUC contact: Jeff Loiter 

  • Resources and More Information